Snakes are a family of legless, elongated, venomous or non-venomous carnivorous reptiles. Covered in scales and equipped with multiple joints in their jaws, most species of snakes live on land with some species are able to swim or fly. Thanks to their flexible jaws, most snakes eat their prey whole after they kill through either constriction, if non-venomous, or through poisoning with their venomous bite. Snakes are found on nearly every continent, except Antarctica, and are not found on many large islands, such as Ireland and Iceland. Only 600 species of snakes are venomous and only 200 of those are venomous enough to seriously harm or kill a human (about 7 percent of all snakes). Snakes shed their skin monthly and have forked tongues that they use to smell in order to hunt their prey and sense their surroundings.

What do snakes eat?

Snakes are carnivores, and their diet varies on their species. Generally, snakes eat fish, worms, termites, birds, bats, and other types of snakes. Smaller snakes eat pupae, eggs, ants, and centipedes, while larger snakes can eat deer and pigs. All snakes swallow their food whole.

How do snakes move?

Snakes have 4 methods they use to move: the serpentine, concertina, sidewinding, and rectilinear method. In the serpentine method, the most common method, snakes push off bumpy surfaces and move in a wavy motion. The concertina method is effective for tight spaces, the sidewinding method helps them move on loose or slippery surfaces, and the rectilinear method is a straight movement.

How often do snakes shed?

Snakes tend to shed their skin 2 to 4 times a year. The amount varies depending on the age and species of the snake. Younger snakes shed their skin every 2 weeks while older snakes shed their skin 2 times a year.

Snakes Guides
Browse through our curated Snakes Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Snakes. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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3.15”-5.9” | 8-15 cm
6.5’-12’ | 1.98-3.66 m
6.6-11 lb | 3-5 kg
12-18 years
Atlantic Bushmaster
15.000
366.000
5.000
18.00
3205
3D
Atlantic Bushmaster
1.2”-2.75” | 3-7 cm
2’-5’ | .61-1.52 m
2.6-6.6 lb | 1.2-3 kg
30-50 years
Ball Python
7.000
152.000
3.000
50.00
227400
3D
Ball Python
2”-3.9” | 5-10 cm
6.5’-14’ | 1.98-4.27 m
2.2-3.5 lb | 1-1.6 kg
10-20 years
Black Mamba
10.000
427.000
1.600
20.00
437350
3D
Black Mamba
3.5”-8.7” | 9-22 cm
8’-26’ | 2.44-7.92 m
15-165 lb | 6.8-75 kg
20-28 years
Burmese Python
22.000
792.000
75.000
28.00
72500
3D
Burmese Python
1.2”-2” | 3-5 cm
3’-6.5’ | .91-1.98 m
1-3.3 lb | .45-1.5 kg
10-20 years
California Kingsnake
5.000
198.000
1.500
20.00
16400
3D
California Kingsnake
1.6”-3.15” | 4-8 cm
6.5’-10’ | 1.98-3.05 m
26.4-33 lb | 12-15 kg
15-30 years
Carpet Python
8.000
305.000
15.000
30.00
27200
3D
Carpet Python
1.2”-2” | 3-5 cm
24”-40” | .61-1.02 m
.22-.77 lb | .1-.35 kg
10-30 years
Copperhead
5.000
102.000
0.350
30.00
227700
3D
Copperhead
.6”-1.4” | 1.5-3.5 cm
2’-6’ | .61-1.83 m
1-2 lb | .45-.9 kg
10-23 years
Corn Snake
3.500
183.000
0.900
23.00
255000
3D
Corn Snake
1”-1.4” | 2.5-3.5 cm
3.5’-6’ | 1.07-1.83 m
1.1-4.9 lb | .5-2.2 kg
10-34 years
Eastern Black Rat Snake
3.500
183.000
2.200
34.00
1200
3D
Eastern Black Rat Snake
2”-3.9” | 5-10 cm
6.5’-14’ | 1.98-4.27 m
2.2-3.3 lb | 1-1.5 kg
12-19 years
Eastern Green Mamba
10.000
427.000
1.500
19.00
3950
3D
Eastern Green Mamba
1.8”-2.75” | 4.5-7 cm
4’-6’ | 1.22-1.83 m
.9-2 lb | .4-.9 kg
15-20 years
Emerald Tree Boa
7.000
183.000
0.900
20.00
30100
3D
Emerald Tree Boa
3.7”-4.9” | 9.5-12.5 cm
4’-6’ | 1.22-1.83 m
17.6-24.3 lb | 8-11 kg
13-20 years
Gaboon Viper
12.500
183.000
11.000
20.00
140400
3D
Gaboon Viper
3.5”-7.9” | 9-20 cm
10’-30’ | 3.05-9.14 m
100-550 lb | 45-250 kg
10-32 years
Green Anaconda
20.000
914.000
250.000
32.00
77400
3D
Green Anaconda
1.6”-2.4” | 4-6 cm
5’-6.5’ | 1.52-1.98 m
2.4-3.5 lb | 1.1-1.6 kg
12-20 years
Green Tree Python
6.000
198.000
1.600
20.00
58000
3D
Green Tree Python
1”-1.4” | 2.5-3.5 cm
3.5’-5’ | 1.07-1.52 m
4.4-6.6 lb | 2-3 kg
24-32 years
Indian Cobra
3.500
152.000
3.000
32.00
38100
3D
Indian Cobra
3”-3.9” | 7.5-10 cm
6’-9’ | 1.83-2.74 m
2.2-4.4 lb | 1-2 kg
10-20 years
Inland Taipan
10.000
274.000
2.000
20.00
79900
3D
Inland Taipan
3.15”-5.5” | 8-14 cm
10’-18’ | 3.05-5.49 m
11-15 lb | 5-6.8 kg
15-23 years
King Cobra
14.000
549.000
6.800
23.00
353900
3D
King Cobra
2.4”-5.9” | 6-15 cm
5’-21’ | 1.52-6.4 m
165-385 lb | 75-175 kg
15-30 years
Reticulated Python
15.000
640.000
175.000
30.00
75800
3D
Reticulated Python
.4”-.8” | 1-2 cm
16”-38” | 41-97 cm
2.2-3.3 lb | 1-1.5 kg
9-11 years
Ribbon Snake
2.000
97.000
1.500
11.00
21005
3D
Ribbon Snake
.6”-1.2” | 1.5-3 cm
17”-36” | 43-91 cm
.8-1 lb | .36-.45 kg
18-31 years
Rosy Boa
3.000
91.000
0.450
31.00
25030
3D
Rosy Boa
.4”-.6” | 1-1.5 cm
22”-32” | 56-81 cm
.03-.07 lb | 15-30 g
5-15 years
Rough Green Snake
1.500
81.000
0.030
15.00
13300
3D
Rough Green Snake
.4”-1” | 1-2.5 cm
2’-4’ | .61-1.22 m
2-5 lb | .9-2.3 kg
7-15 years
Texas Coral Snake
2.500
122.000
2.300
15.00
7700
3D
Texas Coral Snake
.8”-1.4” | 2-3.5 cm
2’-4’ | .61-1.22 m
.55-1.3 lb | .25-.6 kg
20-25 years
Water Moccasin
3.500
122.000
0.600
25.00
191000
3D
Water Moccasin
1.4”-2.75” | 3.5-7 cm
3’-7’ | .91-2.13 m
2.6-14.8 lb | 1.2-6.7 kg
15-26 years
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake
7.000
213.000
6.700
26.00
20800
3D
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake
Rosy Boa (Charina trivirgata)
Scale illustration of an average Rosy Boa compared to other snake species

Rather than stand ground or fight off agitators, the Rosy Boa (Charina trivirgata) will roll to look like a compact ball with the head at the center. It is common in Southwest America and even Mexico and belongs to the family Boidae with the name coming from its rosy or Salmon coloration on their belly. This small snake has three longitudinal stripes in orange, black, brown, maroon, or rust colors and favors underneath rocks, in crevices where it can escape predators. It inhabits desert, bushland, rocky mountain slopes, and scrubs; active during the day and its docile temperament make it ideal as a pet snake.

The Rosy Boa has an overall length between 17”-36” (43-91 cm), body width of roughly .6”-1.2” (1.5-3 cm), and weight from .8-1 lb (.36-.45 kg). The typical lifespan of the Rosy Boa is between 18-31 years.

Series of top view illustrations of the Rosy Boa
Rather than stand ground or fight off agitators, the Rosy Boa (Charina trivirgata) will roll to look like a compact ball with the head at the center. It is common in Southwest America and even Mexico and belongs to the family Boidae with the name coming from its rosy or Salmon coloration.

The Rosy Boa has an overall length between 17”-36” (43-91 cm), body width of roughly .6”-1.2” (1.5-3 cm), and weight from .8-1 lb (.36-.45 kg). The typical lifespan of the Rosy Boa is between 18-31 years.

Series of top view illustrations of the Rosy Boa
Rosy Boa (Charina trivirgata)
Height:
Width:
.6”-1.2” | 1.5-3 cm
Length:
17”-36” | 43-91 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.8-1 lb | .36-.45 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Charina trivirgata
Lifespan
18-31 years

Drawings include:

Rosy Boa top view (assorted)

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Western Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Western Diamondback Rattlesnake to other snakes

The Western diamondback rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox) is also called corn tail, desert diamond-back, diamond-backed rattlesnake, spitting snake, and buzz tail. The snake favors hillsides, steep rocky canyons, desert scrub, grassland desert, and sandy areas. They belong to the family Viperidae and native to the southwest part of North America up to Mexico. These highly aggressive pit vipers’ defense mechanisms include forming an S-shape by lifting the fore body or coiling, rattling, and attacking if those measures do not work. The head is triangular, tail shorter, and a plump body covered either in pink, pale blue, yellowish-gray with a dark diamond shape and pale border down its length. Females give birth to live offspring.

The Western Diamondback Rattlesnake has an overall length between 3’-7’ (.91-2.13 m), body width of roughly 1.4”-2.75” (3.5-7 cm), and weight from 2.6-14.8 lb (1.2-6.7 kg). The typical lifespan of the Western Diamondback Rattlesnake is between 15-26 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Western Diamondback Rattlesnake in various poses
The Western diamondback rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox) is also called corn tail, desert diamond-back, diamond-backed rattlesnake, spitting snake, and buzz tail. The snake favors hillsides, steep rocky canyons, desert scrub, grassland desert, and sandy areas. They belong to the family Viperidae.

The Western Diamondback Rattlesnake has an overall length between 3’-7’ (.91-2.13 m), body width of roughly 1.4”-2.75” (3.5-7 cm), and weight from 2.6-14.8 lb (1.2-6.7 kg). The typical lifespan of the Western Diamondback Rattlesnake is between 15-26 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Western Diamondback Rattlesnake in various poses
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox)
Height:
Width:
1.4”-2.75” | 3.5-7 cm
Length:
3’-7’ | .91-2.13 m
Depth:
Weight:
2.6-14.8 lb | 1.2-6.7 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Crotalus atrox
Lifespan
15-26 years

Drawings include:

Western Diamondback Rattlesnake top view (assorted)

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Eastern Green Mamba (Dendroaspis angusticeps)
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Eastern Green Mamba compared to other snakes

Diurnal, elusive, and highly venomous are just a few characteristics associated with the Eastern Green Mamba (Dendroaspis angusticeps). They are common in the Southern East Africa coast with females slightly bigger than males, though all are usually slender with distinct green coats and yellow-green underside. Their body color and arboreal lifestyle make them highly elusive. The Eastern Green mamba belongs to the family Elapidae, having long slender coffin-shaped heads with tapping tails. Instead of showing a hood like other mambas, the snake will flatten the neck when morale is highest or threatened, show the white oral, and strike repeatedly if the agitator does not back off.

The Eastern Green Mamba has an overall length between 6.5’-14’ (1.98-4.27 m), body width of roughly 2”-3.9” (5-10 cm), and weight from 2.2-3.3 lb (1-1.5 kg). The typical lifespan of the Eastern Green Mamba is between 12-19 years.

Set of scaled top view drawings of the Eastern Green Mamba
Diurnal, elusive, and highly venomous are just a few characteristics associated with the Eastern Green Mamba (Dendroaspis angusticeps). They are common in the Southern East Africa coast with females slightly bigger than males, though all are usually slender with distinct green coats.

The Eastern Green Mamba has an overall length between 6.5’-14’ (1.98-4.27 m), body width of roughly 2”-3.9” (5-10 cm), and weight from 2.2-3.3 lb (1-1.5 kg). The typical lifespan of the Eastern Green Mamba is between 12-19 years.

Set of scaled top view drawings of the Eastern Green Mamba
Eastern Green Mamba (Dendroaspis angusticeps)
Height:
Width:
2”-3.9” | 5-10 cm
Length:
6.5’-14’ | 1.98-4.27 m
Depth:
Weight:
2.2-3.3 lb | 1-1.5 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Dendroaspis angusticeps
Lifespan
12-19 years

Drawings include:

Eastern Green Mamba top view (assorted)

Details & Downloads

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Black Mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Black Mamba to other snakes

You may need to keep distance when handling the Black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis) because they are unpredictable, agile, fast-moving, and highly venomous. This second longest venomous snake is a member of the family Elapidae and common to Sub-Saharan Africa with a body usually in grey or dark brown and prefers dense forest, woodland, rocky slopes, and savannah. A coffin-shaped head and long, cylindrical but slender body ensure the black mamba survives in both terrestrial and arboreal environments. The black mamba’s primary defense mechanism includes hissing, spreading its narrow cobra-like neck-flap, and opening its inky-black mouth, from which it gets its name.

The Black Mamba has an overall length between 6.5’-14’ (1.98-4.27 m), body width of roughly 2”-3.9” (5-10 cm), and weight from 2.2-3.5 lb (1-1.6 kg). The typical lifespan of the Black Mamba is between 10-20 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Black Mamba in various poses
You may need to keep distance when handling the Black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis) because they are unpredictable, agile, fast-moving, and highly venomous. This second longest venomous snake is a member of the family Elapidae and common to Sub-Saharan Africa with a body usually in grey or brown.

The Black Mamba has an overall length between 6.5’-14’ (1.98-4.27 m), body width of roughly 2”-3.9” (5-10 cm), and weight from 2.2-3.5 lb (1-1.6 kg). The typical lifespan of the Black Mamba is between 10-20 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Black Mamba in various poses
Black Mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis)
Height:
Width:
2”-3.9” | 5-10 cm
Length:
6.5’-14’ | 1.98-4.27 m
Depth:
Weight:
2.2-3.5 lb | 1-1.6 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Dendroaspis polylepis
Lifespan
10-20 years

Drawings include:

Black Mamba top view (assorted)

Details & Downloads

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Burmese Python (Python bivittatus)
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Burmese Python compared to other snakes

Because of their easy-going nature, the Burmese python (Python bivittatus) is largely hunted for pet trade, flesh, and skin. They belong to the family Pythonidae, native to Southeast Asia, and prefer marshy areas or semi-aquatic regions and trees. Their large, heavy body is covered in dark-colored and brown blotches. Females are slightly larger and bulkier than males. Juveniles love to spend time on trees. The Burmese python is a good swimmer, has a rapid growth rate, razor-sharp teeth, poor eyesight, and exhibits a high degree of parental care by incubating its eggs. Because they have poor eyesight, they use chemical receptors and heat sensors to stalk prey.

The Burmese Python has an overall length between 8’-26’ (2.44-7.92 m), body width of roughly 3.5”-8.7” (9-22 cm), and weight from 15-165 lb (6.8-75 kg). The typical lifespan of the Burmese Python is between 20-28 years.

Set of scaled top view drawings of the Burmese Python
Because of their easy-going nature, the Burmese python (Python bivittatus) is largely hunted for pet trade, flesh, and skin. They belong to the family Pythonidae, native to Southeast Asia, and prefer marshy areas or semi-aquatic regions and trees.

The Burmese Python has an overall length between 8’-26’ (2.44-7.92 m), body width of roughly 3.5”-8.7” (9-22 cm), and weight from 15-165 lb (6.8-75 kg). The typical lifespan of the Burmese Python is between 20-28 years.

Set of scaled top view drawings of the Burmese Python
Burmese Python (Python bivittatus)
Height:
Width:
3.5”-8.7” | 9-22 cm
Length:
8’-26’ | 2.44-7.92 m
Depth:
Weight:
15-165 lb | 6.8-75 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Python bivittatus
Lifespan
20-28 years

Drawings include:

Burmese Python top view (assorted)

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

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