Insects are members of the phylum Anthropoda and are characterized by their three pairs of jointed legs, segmented bodies, exoskeleton, one pair of antennae, and usually one or two pairs of wings. One million different species of insects have been named and discovered, but scientists estimate that at least 4 million others have yet to be named. Insects live in every habitat on earth, although very few live in water, with the oceans and lakes being dominated by other anthropods, the crustaceans. Insects are vital to every ecosystem, by being responsible for important roles such as pollination, decomposing plant and animal matter, and providing a source of food. With currently 10 quintillion insects on the globe, it is estimated that insects make up 90% of all animal life on earth.

What do insects eat?

Insects are able to eat a wide variety of food. About half of insect species are vegetarians and eat leaves, roots, seeds, nectar, or wood. Other species like praying mantises are predators and hunt other small insects. Fleas and lice are parasites and are able to feed on the flesh and blood of larger animals without killing them.

How many legs do insects have?

Insects have 6 legs in total – 3 pairs of jointed legs. Each pair of legs is attached to a body segment. One pair of legs is attached to the prothorax, another pair is attached to the mesothorax, and the last pair to the metathorax.

Why are insects attracted to light?

Insects that are attracted to light are considered positively phototactic. Although it is not known exactly why insects are attracted to light, it is believed that lights act as a navigational guide. Many insects guide themselves by keeping a natural light source such as the sun or moon at a constant angle, and get confused by any artificial light source.

Insects Guides
Browse through our curated Insects Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Insects. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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.2”-.39” | 5-10 mm
.43”-.79” | 11-20 mm
1.18”-2.09” | 30-53 mm
1-2 years
American Cockroach
1.000
2.000
5.300
2.00
68000
3D
American Cockroach
.24”-.47” | 6-12 mm
.28”-.51” | 7-13 mm
.98”-1.77” | 25-45 mm (Worker); 1.57”-1.97” | 40-50 mm (Queen)
3-5 months (Worker); 1 year (Queen)
Asian Giant Hornet
1.200
1.300
4.500
0.42
75000
3D
Asian Giant Hornet
.22”-.26” | 5.5-6.5 mm
.2”-.24” | 5-6 mm
.79”-.94” | 20-24 mm (Worker); 1.18” | 30 mm (Queen)
2-3 weeks (Worker); 1 year (Queen)
Asian Hornet
0.650
0.600
2.400
0.06
52000
3D
Asian Hornet
.1”-.16” | 2.5-4 mm
.16”-.26” | 4-6.5 mm
.22”-.33” | 5.5-8.5 mm
2-3 years
Asian Lady Beetle
0.400
0.650
0.850
3.00
64000
3D
Asian Lady Beetle
.03”-.09” | .7-2.3 mm
.02”-.06” | .5-1.5 mm
.12”-.39” | 3-10 mm
30-40 days
Asian Tiger Mosquito
0.230
0.150
1.000
0.11
47000
3D
Asian Tiger Mosquito
.63”-.79” | 16-20 mm
9.84”-12” | 25-30.5 cm (Wingspan)
2.13”-2.64” | 54-67 mm
2-3 months
Atlas Moth
2.000
30.500
6.700
0.25
90000
3D
Atlas Moth
.035”-.05” | .9-1.3 mm
.04”-.06” | 1-1.5 mm
.14”-.2” | 3.5-5 mm (Worker); .31”-.35” | 8-9 mm (Queen)
1-2 years (Worker); 10-15 years (Queen)
Black Garden Ant
0.130
0.150
0.500
2.00
29000
3D
Black Garden Ant
.18”-.22” | 4.5-5.5 mm
2.64”-3.5” | 67-89 mm (Wingspan)
.79”-1.1” | 20-28 mm
2-3 months
Black Swallowtail
0.550
8.900
2.800
0.25
20600
3D
Black Swallowtail
.05”-.09” | 1.2-2.4 mm
.06”-.12” | 1.5-3 mm
.16”-.31” | 4-8 mm
17-21 days
Boll Weevil
0.240
0.300
0.800
0.06
27800
3D
Boll Weevil
.12”-.18” | 3-4.5 mm
.15”-.21” | 3.7-5.3 mm
.43”-63” | 11-16 mm
1 year
Boxelder Bug
0.450
0.530
1.600
1.00
39400
3D
Boxelder Bug
.14”-.22” | 3.5-5.5 mm
.26”-.42” | 6.7-10.7 mm
.47”-.75” | 12-19 mm
6-8 months
Brown Marmorated Stink Bug
0.550
1.070
1.900
0.66
80000
3D
Brown Marmorated Stink Bug
.12”-.2” | 3-5 mm
.16”-.28” | 4-7 mm
.71”-1.18” | 18-30 mm
2-3 months (Worker); 1-2 years (Queen)
Bullet Ant
0.500
0.700
3.000
0.25
77400
3D
Bullet Ant
.05”-.12” | 1.3-3 mm
.06”-.14” | 1.5-3.5 mm
.24”-.55” | 6-14 mm (Worker); .63”-.71” | 16-18 mm (Queen)
4-7 years (Worker); 10-15 years (Queen)
Carpenter Ant
0.300
0.350
1.400
7.00
50300
3D
Carpenter Ant
.02”-.04” | .6-1 mm
.02”-.04” | .6-1 mm
.08”-.12” | 2-3 mm
4-25 days
Cat Flea
0.100
0.100
0.300
0.07
25600
3D
Cat Flea
.11”-.21” | 2.7-5.3 mm
.14”-.28” | 3.5-7 mm
.24”-.47” | 6-12 mm
2-12 months
Colorado Potato Beetle
0.530
0.700
1.200
1.00
7100
3D
Colorado Potato Beetle
.12”-.26” | 3-6.5 mm
.16”-.33” | 4-8.5 mm
.35”-.71” | 9-18 mm
2-4 years
Common Potato Bug
0.650
0.850
1.800
4.00
125000
3D
Common Potato Bug
.43”-.71” | 11-18 mm
.35”-.59” | 9-15 mm
1.97”-3.15” | 5-8 cm
3-12 months
Desert Locust
1.800
1.500
8.000
1.00
7100
3D
Desert Locust
.04”-.07” | 1-1.8 mm
.03”-.04” | .8-1 mm
.12”-.16” | 3-4 mm
2-3 weeks
Dog Flea
0.180
0.100
0.400
0.06
25500
3D
Dog Flea
.2”-.35” | 5-9 mm
1.18”-1.97” | 30-50 mm (Wingspan)
.67”-1.14” | 17-29 mm
6-8 weeks
Domestic Silk Moth
0.900
5.000
2.900
0.15
58300
3D
Domestic Silk Moth
.05”-.07” | 1.3-1.8 mm
.06”-.1” | 1.5-2.5 mm
.12”-.2” | 3-5 mm
21-27 days
Drain Fly
0.180
0.250
0.500
0.07
21500
3D
Drain Fly
.2”-.39” | 5-10 mm
3.15”-5.51” | 80-140 mm (Wingspan)
.87”-1.54” | 22-39 mm
2-3 months
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
1.000
14.000
3.900
0.25
11900
3D
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
.07”-.11” | 1.8-2.8 mm
.08”-.12” | 2-3 mm
.31-.47” | 8-12 mm
3-5 weeks
Emerald Ash Borer
0.280
0.300
1.200
0.10
28300
3D
Emerald Ash Borer
.18”-.28” | 4.5-7 mm
.16”-.26” | 4-6.5 mm
.71”-.94” | 18-24 mm (Worker); .98”-1.38” | 25-35 mm (Queen)
2-6 weeks (Worker); 1 year (Queen)
European Hornet
0.700
0.650
2.400
0.12
74000
3D
European Hornet
.03”-.07” | .7-1.9 mm
.03”-.07” | .7-1.9 mm
.12”-.31” | 3-8 mm
2-3 months (Worker); 2-7 years (Queen)
Fire Ant
0.190
0.190
0.800
0.25
63000
3D
Fire Ant
Firebug
29800
.06”-.12” | 1.6-3 mm
.11”-.21” | 2.7-5.3 mm
.26”-.47” | 6.5-12 mm
1-2 years
Firebug
0.300
0.530
1.200
2.00
29800
3D
Firebug
.12”-.18” | 3-4.5 mm
.16”-.24” | 4-6 mm
.43”-.63” | 11-16 mm
3-9 months
German Cockroach
0.450
0.600
1.600
0.75
103600
3D
German Cockroach
.26”-.43” | 6.5-11 mm
.26”-.39” | 6.5-10 mm
1.77”-2.36” | 45-60 mm
4-8 months
Ghost Mantis
1.100
1.000
6.000
0.66
18300
3D
Ghost Mantis
.24”-.39” | 6-10 mm
2.24”-3.58” | 57-91 mm (Wingspan)
1.18”-1.89” | 30-48 mm
2-3 years
Giant Leopard Moth
1.000
9.100
4.800
3.00
13600
3D
Giant Leopard Moth
.22”-.39” | 5.5-10 mm
.33”-.59” | 8.5-15 mm
.59”-1.06” | 15-27 mm
1 year
Green June Beetle
1.000
1.500
2.700
1.00
12800
3D
Green June Beetle
.16”-.24” | 4-6 mm
.28”-.39” | 7-10 mm
.51”-.75” | 13-19 mm
30-45 days
Green Stink Bug
0.600
1.000
1.900
0.12
13350
3D
Green Stink Bug
.14”-.2” | 3.5-5 mm
2.56”-3.74” | 65-95 mm (Wingspan)
.79”-1.14” | 20-29 mm
2-3 months
Gulf Fritillary
0.500
9.500
2.900
0.25
7340
3D
Gulf Fritillary
.16”-.31” | 4-8 mm
1.38”-2.75” | 35-70 mm (Wingspan)
.55”-1.1” | 14-28 mm
11-12 months
Gypsy Moth
0.800
7.000
2.800
1.00
91000
3D
Gypsy Moth
.47”-1.42” | 12-36 mm
.67”-2.09” | 17-53 mm
2.36”-7.09” | 6-18 cm
1.5-3 years
Hercules Beetle
3.600
5.300
18.000
3.00
52500
3D
Hercules Beetle
.16”-.22” | 4-5.5 mm
.2”-.24” | 5-6 mm
.63”-.83” | 16-21 mm
2-3 months
House Cricket
0.550
0.600
2.100
0.25
14100
3D
House Cricket
.06”-.11” | 1.4-2.9 mm
.05”-.1” | 1.3-2.5 mm
.16”-.31” | 4-8 mm
15-30 days
Housefly
0.290
0.250
0.800
0.08
68000
3D
Housefly
.043”-.07” | 1.1-1.8 mm
.04”-.06” | .9-1.4 mm
.1”-.16” | 2.5-4 mm
14-16 days
Human Flea
0.180
0.140
0.400
0.13
11500
3D
Human Flea
.12”-.2” | 3-5 mm
.2”-.3” | 5-7.5 mm
.35”-.55” | 9-14 mm
1 year
Japanese Beetle
0.500
0.750
1.400
1.00
84000
3D
Japanese Beetle
.006”-.01” | .15-.3 mm
.008”-.016” | .2-.4 mm
.04”-.08” | 1-2 mm (Worker); .16”-.2” | 4-5 mm (Queen)
3-4 months (Worker); 1 year (Queen)
Little Black Ant
0.030
0.040
0.200
0.33
4800
3D
Little Black Ant
Luna Moth
170500
.22”-.33” | 5.5-8.5 mm
2.95”-4.13” | 75-105 mm (Wingspan)
.94”-1.3” | 24-33 mm
2-3 months
Luna Moth
0.850
10.500
3.300
0.25
170500
3D
Luna Moth
.12”-.18” | 3-4.5 mm
.16”-.24” | 4-6 mm
.49”-.71” | 12.5-18 mm
3-5 months
Mealworm Beetle
0.450
0.600
1.800
0.42
17500
3D
Mealworm Beetle
.2”-.24” | 5-6 mm
2.75”-3.94” | 70-100 mm (Wingspan)
.98”-1.38” | 25-35 mm
8-9 months
Monarch Butterfly
0.600
10.000
3.500
0.75
253000
3D
Monarch Butterfly
.35”-.85” | 9-21.5 mm
.3”-.75” | 7.5-19 mm
.98”-2.44” | 25-62 mm
2-3 months
Mormon Cricket
2.150
1.900
6.200
0.25
7600
3D
Mormon Cricket
.14”-.26” | 3.5-6.5 mm
2.24”-3.94” | 57-100 mm (Wingspan)
.79”-1.38” | 20-35 mm
11-12 months
Mourning Cloak Butterfly
0.650
10.000
3.500
1.00
11300
3D
Mourning Cloak Butterfly
.12”-.28” | 3-7 mm
.2”-.5” | 5-12.5 mm
1.18”-2.75” | 3-7 cm
5-9 months
Orchid Mantis
0.700
1.250
7.000
0.75
90500
3D
Orchid Mantis
.18”-.26” | 4.5-6.5 mm
2”-2.87” | 51-73 mm (Wingspan)
.79”-1.18” | 20-30 mm
11-12 months
Painted Lady Butterfly
0.650
7.300
3.000
1.00
44000
3D
Painted Lady Butterfly
.12”-.24” | 3-6 mm
1.38”-2.44” | 35-62 mm (Wingspan)
.55”-.98” | 14-25 mm
8-12 months
Peppered Moth
0.600
6.200
2.500
1.00
14200
3D
Peppered Moth
.18”-.35” | 4.5-9 mm
2.75”-5.12” | 70-130 mm (Wingspan)
.94”-1.77” | 24-45 mm
30-45 days
Pipevine Swallowtail
0.900
13.000
4.500
0.13
10300
3D
Pipevine Swallowtail
.31”-.51” | 8-13 mm
3.9"-5.9” | 100-150 mm (Wingspan)
.79”-1.18” | 20-30 mm
2-3 months
Polyphemus Moth
1.300
15.000
3.000
0.25
46000
3D
Polyphemus Moth
.2”-.24” | 5-6 mm
1.97”-2.36” | 50-60 mm (Wingspan)
.75”-.94” | 19-24 mm
8-10 months
Red Admiral Butterfly
0.600
6.000
2.400
0.83
21400
3D
Red Admiral Butterfly
.24”-.33” | 6-8.5 mm
.24”-.33” | 6-8.5 mm
.94”-1.26” | 24-32 mm
12-22 days (Worker); 1 year (Queen)
Red Paper Wasp
0.850
0.850
3.200
0.06
8500
3D
Red Paper Wasp
.16”-.26” | 4-6.7 mm
.18”-.31” | 4.5-8 mm
.59”-.98” | 15-25 mm
1 year
Red Velvet Ant
0.670
0.800
2.500
1.00
14500
3D
Red Velvet Ant
.35”-.55” | 9-14 mm
.59”-.94” | 15-24 mm
.98”-1.5” | 25-38 mm
1-3 years
Sacred Scarab
1.400
2.400
3.800
3.00
1600
3D
Sacred Scarab
.016”-.024” | .4-.6 mm
.008”-.01” | .2-.3 mm
.03”-.04” | .8-1 mm
4-6 weeks
Sand Flea
0.060
0.030
0.100
0.12
37000
3D
Sand Flea
.1”-.14” | 2.5-3.5 mm
.16”-.22” | 4-5.5 mm
.24”-.31” | 6-8 mm
1-2 years
Seven-Spot Ladybug
0.350
0.550
0.800
2.00
14015
3D
Seven-Spot Ladybug
.06”-.11” | 1.5-2.7 mm
.12”-.2” | 3-5 mm
.47”-.75” | 12-19 mm
2-8 years
Silverfish
0.270
0.500
1.900
8.00
525000
3D
Silverfish
.87”-1.26” | 22-32 mm
1.65”-2.32” | 42-59 mm
4.72”-6.57” | 12-16.7 cm
1.5-2.1 years
Titan Beetle
3.200
5.900
16.700
2.10
11200
3D
Titan Beetle
.04”-.08” | 1-2 mm
.04”-.08” | 1-2 mm
.07”-.16” | 1.7-4 mm
1-2 years
Varied Carpet Beetle
0.200
0.200
0.400
2.00
20900
3D
Varied Carpet Beetle
.14”-.22” | 3.5-5.5 mm
2.09”-3.39” | 53-86 mm (Wingspan)
.75”-1.26” | 19-32 mm
10-12 months
Viceroy Butterfly
0.550
8.600
3.200
1.00
12100
3D
Viceroy Butterfly
.13”-.17” | 3.3-4.3 mm
.2”-.28” | 5-7 mm
.59”-.79” | 15-20 mm
1 year
Western Conifer Seed Bug
0.430
0.700
2.000
1.00
19700
3D
Western Conifer Seed Bug
.12”-.2” | 3-5 mm
.12”-.2” | 3-5 mm
.39”-.59” | 10-15 mm (Worker); .71”-.79” | 18-20 mm (Queen)
21-60 days (Worker); 1-2 years (Queen)
Western Honey Bee
0.500
0.500
1.500
0.16
46000
3D
Western Honey Bee
.24”-.35” | 6-9 mm
.35”-.49” | 9-12.5 mm
1.1”-1.5” | 28-38 mm
3-4 months
Wheel Bug
0.900
1.250
3.800
0.33
35800
3D
Wheel Bug
Dog Flea (Ctenocephalides canis)
Scale illustration of an average Dog Flea compared to other insect species

The Dog Flea (Ctenocephalides canis) is a flea species that lives as an ectoparasite on mammals, particularly the domestic dog and cat. While they feed on the blood of dogs and cats, the Dog Flea will sometimes bite humans, and the female flea must have a blood meal before they can produce eggs. Their mouthparts are adapted for piercing skin and blood. They do not have wings, and their hard bodies that are compressed laterally have hairs and spines which make it easy for them to travel through hair. Dog Fleas can cause problems from mild to severe itching and skin problems and infections.

The Dog Flea has an overall body length between .12”-.16” (3-4 mm), body width of .03”-.04” (.8-1 mm), and body height of .04”-.07” (1-1.8 mm). The typical lifespan of the Dog Flea is between 2-3 weeks.

Series of measured illustrations of the Dog Flea
The Dog Flea (Ctenocephalides canis) is a flea species that lives as an ectoparasite on mammals, particularly the domestic dog and cat. While they feed on the blood of dogs and cats, the Dog Flea will sometimes bite humans, and the female flea must have a blood meal before they can produce eggs.

The Dog Flea has an overall body length between .12”-.16” (3-4 mm), body width of .03”-.04” (.8-1 mm), and body height of .04”-.07” (1-1.8 mm). The typical lifespan of the Dog Flea is between 2-3 weeks.

Series of measured illustrations of the Dog Flea
Dog Flea (Ctenocephalides canis)
Height:
.04”-.07” | 1-1.8 mm
Width:
.03”-.04” | .8-1 mm
Length:
.12”-.16” | 3-4 mm
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Ctenocephalides canis
Lifespan
2-3 weeks

Drawings include:

Dog Flea top view, side

Details & Downloads

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Green Stink Bug (Chinavia hilaris)
Scale illustration of an average Green Stink Bug compared to other insect species

The Green Stink Big (Chinavia hilaris) is an insect found in orchards, gardens, woodlands, and crop fields throughout North America. The species is characterized by their bright green, with narrow yellow, orange, or reddish edges. They are shield-shaped with an elongated oval form. Their needle-like mouth parts allow them to feed on a wide variety of plant juices. Adult Green Stink Bugs have a preference for developing seeds, and as a result, they become crop pests. When there are no seeds, they feed on stems and foliage which damage several fruit trees.

The Green Stink Bug has an overall body length between .51”-.75” (13-19 mm), body width of .28”-.39” (7-10 mm), and body height of .16”-.24” (4-6 mm). The typical lifespan of the Green Stink Bug is between 30-45 days.

Series of measured illustrations of the Green Stink Bug
The Green Stink Big (Chinavia hilaris) is an insect found in orchards, gardens, woodlands, and crop fields throughout North America. The species is characterized by their bright green, with narrow yellow, orange, or reddish edges. They are shield-shaped with an elongated oval form.

The Green Stink Bug has an overall body length between .51”-.75” (13-19 mm), body width of .28”-.39” (7-10 mm), and body height of .16”-.24” (4-6 mm). The typical lifespan of the Green Stink Bug is between 30-45 days.

Series of measured illustrations of the Green Stink Bug
Green Stink Bug (Chinavia hilaris)
Height:
.16”-.24” | 4-6 mm
Width:
.28”-.39” | 7-10 mm
Length:
.51”-.75” | 13-19 mm
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Chinavia hilaris
Lifespan
30-45 days

Drawings include:

Green Stink Bug top view, side

Details & Downloads

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Titan Beetle (Titanus giganteus)
Comparison drawing of the Titan Beetle compared to other insects

The Titan Beetle (Titanus giganteus) is a neotropical longhorn beetle, and one of the largest known beetles. They are distributed throughout the rainforests of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, the Guianas, and north-central Brazil. The Titan Beetle has short, curved, and sharp mandibles, and they are known to snap pencils and cut into human flesh. Adult Titan Beetles do not feed, but the larvae are thought to feed on decaying wood below the ground. Their strong jaws serve as a defense mechanism, and other defense mechanisms include hissing in warning and biting.

The Titan Beetle has an overall body length between 4.72”-6.57” (12-16.7 cm), body width of 1.65”-2.32” (42-59 mm), and body height of .87”-1.26” (22-32 mm). The typical lifespan of the Titan Beetle is between 1.5-2.1 years.

Set of scaled top and elevation drawings of the Titan Beetle
The Titan Beetle (Titanus giganteus) is a neotropical longhorn beetle, and one of the largest known beetles. They are distributed throughout the rainforests of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, the Guianas, and north-central Brazil. The Titan Beetle has short, curved, and sharp mandibles.

The Titan Beetle has an overall body length between 4.72”-6.57” (12-16.7 cm), body width of 1.65”-2.32” (42-59 mm), and body height of .87”-1.26” (22-32 mm). The typical lifespan of the Titan Beetle is between 1.5-2.1 years.

Set of scaled top and elevation drawings of the Titan Beetle
Titan Beetle (Titanus giganteus)
Height:
.87”-1.26” | 22-32 mm
Width:
1.65”-2.32” | 42-59 mm
Length:
4.72”-6.57” | 12-16.7 cm
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Titanus giganteus
Lifespan
1.5-2.1 years

Drawings include:

Titan Beetle top view, side

Details & Downloads

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Red Velvet Ant (Dasymutilla occidentalis)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Red Velvet Ant to other species of insects

The Red Velvet Ant (Dasymutilla occidentalis) is a parasitoid wasp species that is native to the eastern United States. The species is commonly mistaken for an ant due to their appearance and common name. Adult Red Velvet Ants display aposematic coloration with a black overall coloring with an orange-red pattern on the dorsal surface of the thorax and abdomen. Their bodies are covered in a dense, velvet-like hair. The species earned the nickname ”cow killer” for their extremely painful sting, and other defense mechanisms include the ability to run fast and evasively, warning coloration, warning sounds, a chemical secretion, and venom.

The Red Velvet Ant has an overall body length between .59”-.98” (15-25 mm), body width of .18”-.31” (4.5-8 mm), and body height of .16”-.26” (4-6.7 mm). The typical lifespan of the Red Velvet Ant is around 1 year.

Scaled collection of drawings of Red Velvet Ant in various poses with dimensions
The Red Velvet Ant (Dasymutilla occidentalis) is a parasitoid wasp species that is native to the eastern United States. The species is commonly mistaken for an ant due to their appearance and common name. Adult Red Velvet Ants display aposematic coloration with a black and red pattern.

The Red Velvet Ant has an overall body length between .59”-.98” (15-25 mm), body width of .18”-.31” (4.5-8 mm), and body height of .16”-.26” (4-6.7 mm). The typical lifespan of the Red Velvet Ant is around 1 year.

Scaled collection of drawings of Red Velvet Ant in various poses with dimensions
Red Velvet Ant (Dasymutilla occidentalis)
Height:
.16”-.26” | 4-6.7 mm
Width:
.18”-.31” | 4.5-8 mm
Length:
.59”-.98” | 15-25 mm
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Dasymutilla occidentalis
Lifespan
1 year

Drawings include:

Red Velvet Ant top view, side

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Gulf Fritillary (Dione vanillae)
Comparison drawing of the Gulf Fritillary compared to other insects

The Gulf Fritillary (Dione vanillae) is a bright orange butterfly. As a longwing butterfly, the Gulf Fritillary has long and narrow wings compared to those of other butterflies. They have extended forewings, and females are distinctively larger than males. The underside of the wings are brown with a speckling of silvery white dots, and the top of the wings are orange with black streaks. The species is most commonly found in the southern areas of the United States, and in many regions of Florida and Texas. They have a chemical defense mechanism in which they release an odorous chemical in response to predator sightings.

The Gulf Fritillary has a total wingspan in the range of 2.56”-3.74” (65-95 mm). The body of the Gulf Fritillary has an overall length between .79”-1.14” (20-29 mm), body width of .12”-.18” (3-4.5 mm), and body height of .14”-.2” (3.5-5 mm). The typical lifespan of the Gulf Fritillary is between 2-3 months.

Set of scaled top and elevation drawings of the Gulf Fritillary
The Gulf Fritillary (Dione vanillae) is a bright orange butterfly. As a longwing butterfly, the Gulf Fritillary has long and narrow wings compared to those of other butterflies. They have extended forewings, and females are distinctively larger than males. The underside of the wings are brown.

The Gulf Fritillary has a total wingspan in the range of 2.56”-3.74” (65-95 mm). The body of the Gulf Fritillary has an overall length between .79”-1.14” (20-29 mm), body width of .12”-.18” (3-4.5 mm), and body height of .14”-.2” (3.5-5 mm). The typical lifespan of the Gulf Fritillary is between 2-3 months.

Set of scaled top and elevation drawings of the Gulf Fritillary
Gulf Fritillary (Dione vanillae)
Height:
.14”-.2” | 3.5-5 mm
Width:
2.56”-3.74” | 65-95 mm (Wingspan)
Length:
.79”-1.14” | 20-29 mm
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Body Width: .12”-.18” | 3-4.5 mm

Scientific Name
Dione vanillae
Lifespan
2-3 months

Drawings include:

Gulf Fritillary top view, side

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