Bears, of the family Ursidae, are large carnivorous mammals that live in a wide variety of habitats primarily throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Existing since prehistoric times, bears share characteristics such as large bodies, shaggy hair, clawed paws, stocky legs, and long snouts. Mostly carnivorous with the exception of the bamboo eating Giant Panda, bears are solitary hunters that spend long periods of the year in hibernation. There are only eight unique species of bears in the world.

What do bears eat?

Most species of bears eat plants, berries, insects, or fish as part of their daily diet. What a bear eats is largely dependent on their habitat. For example, a polar bear’s diet is mostly made up of seals, while black and grizzly bears may eat newborn elk, moose, deer, or caribou.

How long do bears live?

The average lifespan of a bear is determined by its species, habitat, natural predators, and hunting by humans. Typically bears in the wild can live between 20 to 30 years and in captivity bears may live up to 50 years.

When do bears hibernate?

Bears get ready to hibernate in late November and will remain in hibernation for about 5 months. During hibernation a bear will receive the necessary nutrients from a layer of fat that was formed during the summer and fall. They typically do not have the need to eat, drink, defecate, or urinate during this period.


Bears Guides
Browse through our curated Bears Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Bears. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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2’6”-3’5” | .75-1.05 m
4’-6’8” | 1.25-2.1 m
200-600 lb | 90-272 kg
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
American Black Bear
105.000
210.000
272.000
45.00
10000
3D
American Black Bear
2’5”-3’4” | .71-1.02 m
3’10”-6’6” | 1.2-2 m
90-440 lb | 41-200 kg
25-30 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
Asiatic Black Bear
102.000
200.000
200.000
35.00
14000
3D
Asiatic Black Bear
4’7”-5’7” | 1.4-1.7 m
8’8”-11’6” | 2.7-3.5 m
500-1300 lb | 227-590 kg
Cave Bear
170.000
350.000
590.000
13000
3D
Cave Bear
1’6”-3" | .46-.91 m
4’6”-6’ | 1.37-1.83 m
150-250 lb | 68-114 kg
15-25 (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)
Giant Panda Bear
91.000
183.000
114.000
30.00
307000
3D
Giant Panda Bear
3’-4’6” | .91-1.37 m
5’6”-8’ | 1.68-2.44 m
300-800 lb | 136-363 kg
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
Grizzly Bear
137.000
244.000
363.000
45.00
102000
3D
Grizzly Bear
3’4”-5’ | 1.02-1.52 m
6’5”-9’ | 1.96-2.74 m
400-1400 lb | 181-635 kg
20-25 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
Kodiak Bear
152.000
274.000
635.000
35.00
39000
3D
Kodiak Bear
2’8”-5’3” | .81-1.6 m
7’10”-9’10” | 2.4-3 m
330-1500 lb | 150-680 kg
20-30 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
Polar Bear
160.000
300.000
680.000
45.00
132000
3D
Polar Bear
4’-6’ | 1.22-1.83 m
6’9”-9’6” | 2.06-2.9 m
650-2200 lb | 295-998 kg
Short-Faced Bear
183.000
290.000
998.000
16700
3D
Short-Faced Bear
2’-3’ | .61-.91 m
5’-6’ | 1.52-1.85 m
120-320 lb | 54-145 kg
20 years (wild); up to 40 years (captivity)
Sloth Bear
91.000
185.000
145.000
40.00
37000
3D
Sloth Bear
2’-3’ | .61-.91 m
5’-6’ | 1.52-1.85 m
80-440 lb | 36-200 kg
20 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
Spectacled Bear
91.000
185.000
200.000
35.00
17000
3D
Spectacled Bear
2’-2’4” | .61-.71 m
4’-5’ | 1.22-1.52 m
55-155 lb | 25-70 kg
20-25 years (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)
Sun Bear
71.000
152.000
70.000
30.00
49000
3D
Sun Bear
Spectacled Bear | Andean Bear (Tremarctos ornatus)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Spectacled Bear to an average human

The SpectacledBear (Tremarctos ornatus), also known as an Andean Short-Face Bear, is the last short face bear to remain within the subfamily Tremarctinae in South America. In general, its fur is blackish although it can be jet-black, dark brown, and even reddish. The species-typical markings are beige or ginger, although not all the species have "spectacle" marks on their face and their upper pouch. The Andean Bear is the only South American-born bear and is one of South America's largest carnivorous land, but only 5% of its diet consists of meat.

Male Spectacled Bears have a shoulder height between 2’6”-3’ (.76-.91 m) and a weight in the range of 220-440 lb (100-200 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’-2’6” (.61-.76 m) with weights from 80-180 lb (36-82 kg). The Spectacled Bear has an overall body length of roughly 5’-6’ (1.52-1.85 m), standing height of 5’3”-6’3" (1.6-1.9 m), and a typical lifespan of 20 years in the wild and up to 35 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Spectacled Bear (Andean Bear)
The SpectacledBear (Tremarctos ornatus), also known as an Andean Short-Face Bear, is the last short face bear to remain within the subfamily Tremarctinae in South America. In general, its fur is blackish although it can be jet-black, dark brown, and even reddish.

Male Spectacled Bears have a shoulder height between 2’6”-3’ (.76-.91 m) and a weight in the range of 220-440 lb (100-200 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’-2’6” (.61-.76 m) with weights from 80-180 lb (36-82 kg). The Spectacled Bear has an overall body length of roughly 5’-6’ (1.52-1.85 m), standing height of 5’3”-6’3" (1.6-1.9 m), and a typical lifespan of 20 years in the wild and up to 35 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Spectacled Bear (Andean Bear)
Spectacled Bear | Andean Bear (Tremarctos ornatus)
Height:
2’-3’ | .61-.91 m
Width:
Length:
5’-6’ | 1.52-1.85 m
Depth:
Standing Height
5’3”-6’3" | 1.6-1.9 m
Weight:
80-440 lb | 36-200 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder):
2’6”-3’ | .76-.91 m

Length: 5’6”-6’ | 1.7-1.85 m

Weight: 220-440 lb | 100-200 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 2’-2’6” | .61-.76 m

Length: 5’-5’6” | 1.52-1.68 m

Weight: 80-180 lb | 36-82 kg

Scientific Name
Tremarctos ornatus
Lifespan
20 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Spectacled Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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Cave Bear (Ursus spelaeus)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Cave Bear to an average human

The Cave Bear (Ursus spelaeus) was a bear species that lived in the Pleistocene region of Europe and Asia and died in the Last Glacial Maximums about 24,000 years ago. The Cave Bear had a very wide and dome-skull with a steep forehead. Its sturdy body had long thighs, large frame, and turning paws, which made it the ancestor to the Brown Bear in its skeletal form. The size of Cave Bears was like those of the largest modern bears.

Male Cave Bears had a shoulder height between 5’-5’7” (1.52-1.7 m) and a weight in the range of 750-1300 lb (340-590 kg). The shoulder heights of females was between 4’7”-5’2” (1.4-1.57 m) with weights from 500-550 lb (227-250 kg). The Cave Bear had an overall body length of roughly 8’8”-11’6” (2.7-3.5 m) and giant upright standing height of 10’-11’6” (3.05-3.5 m).

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Cave Bear
The Cave Bear (Ursus spelaeus) was a bear species that lived in the Pleistocene region of Europe and Asia and died in the Last Glacial Maximums about 24,000 years ago. The Cave Bear had a very wide and dome-skull with a steep forehead. Its sturdy body had long thighs, large frame, and turning paws.

Male Cave Bears had a shoulder height between 5’-5’7” (1.52-1.7 m) and a weight in the range of 750-1300 lb (340-590 kg). The shoulder heights of females was between 4’7”-5’2” (1.4-1.57 m) with weights from 500-550 lb (227-250 kg). The Cave Bear had an overall body length of roughly 8’8”-11’6” (2.7-3.5 m) and giant upright standing height of 10’-11’6” (3.05-3.5 m).

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Cave Bear
Cave Bear (Ursus spelaeus)
Height:
4’7”-5’7” | 1.4-1.7 m
Width:
Length:
8’8”-11’6” | 2.7-3.5 m
Depth:
Standing Height
10’-11’6” | 3.05-3.5 m
Weight:
500-1300 lb | 227-590 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 5’-5’7” | 1.52-1.7 m

Length: 9’10”-11’6” | 3-3.5 m

Weight: 750-1300 lb | 340-590 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 4’7”-5’2” | 1.4-1.57 m

Length: 8’8”-10’6” | 2.7-3.2 m

Weight: 500-550 lb | 227-250 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus spelaeus
Lifespan

Drawings include:

Cave Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing upright)

Details & Downloads

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Giant Panda Bear (Ailuropoda melanoleuca)
Illustration comparing the size of an average Giant Panda Bear to a human person

The Giant Panda, also known simply as panda or panda bear, is a peaceful creature with a distinctive black and white coat which resides primarily in the mountains of Western China. Due to deforestation and habitat loss, the Giant Panda is a conservation reliant species, although as of 2016 the Giant Panda moved from the endangered list to the vulnerable list. Even though the Giant Panda belongs to the Carnivora order, its diet (26 to 84 pounds of food daily) is 99% comprised of bamboo shoots. Despite its large size, the Giant Panda is only about the size of a stick of butter, 1/900th of its full size, when it is first born.

Male Giant Panda Bears have a shoulder height between 2’-3’ (.61-.91 m) and a weight in the range of 185-250 lb (84-114 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 1’6”-2’6” (46-76 cm) with weights from 150-225 lb (68-102 kg). The Giant Panda Bear has an overall body length of roughly 4’6”-6’ (1.37-1.83 m), standing height of 4’8”-6’ (1.42-1.83 m), and a typical lifespan of 15-25 years in the wild, or 20-30 years in captivity.

Collection of drawings of a Giant Panda Bear in various resting positions of sitting or laying down
The Giant Panda, also known simply as panda or panda bear, is a peaceful creature with a distinctive black and white coat which resides primarily in the mountains of Western China. Even though the Giant Panda belongs to the Carnivora order, its diet is 99% comprised of bamboo shoots.

Male Giant Panda Bears have a shoulder height between 2’-3’ (.61-.91 m) and a weight in the range of 185-250 lb (84-114 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 1’6”-2’6” (46-76 cm) with weights from 150-225 lb (68-102 kg). The Giant Panda Bear has an overall body length of roughly 4’6”-6’ (1.37-1.83 m), standing height of 4’8”-6’ (1.42-1.83 m), and a typical lifespan of 15-25 years in the wild, or 20-30 years in captivity.

Collection of drawings of a Giant Panda Bear in various resting positions of sitting or laying down
Giant Panda Bear (Ailuropoda melanoleuca)
Height:
1’6”-3" | .46-.91 m
Width:
Length:
4’6”-6’ | 1.37-1.83 m
Depth:
Standing Height
Weight:
150-250 lb | 68-114 kg
Area:

Male:
Height (Shoulder): 2’-3’ | 61-91 cm
Length: 5’-6’ | 152-183 cm
Weight: 175-250 lb | 79-114 kg

Female:
Height (Shoulder):
1’6”-2’6” | 46-76 cm
Length: 4’6”-5’6” | 137-168 cm
Weight (Female):
150-225 lb | 68-102 kg

Scientific Name
Ailuropoda melanoleuca
Lifespan
15-25 (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)

Drawings include:
Giant Panda Bear side elevation (standing), side (woman peace sign), front (standing), front (sitting), back (sitting), side (laying down), side (standing upright)

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Kodiak Bear (Ursus arctos middendorffi)
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Kodiak Bear compared to an average person

The Kodiak Bear (Ursus arctos middendorffi), also known as the Alaskan Brown bear is one of the largest brown bears. The Kodiak bear looks similar to other brown bears except it is much larger. It is native to the southwestern Alaska region, but can be found in Europe, Asia, and other parts of North America.

Kodiak Bears are omnivores and eat grass, plants, and berries. They also eat fish such as salmon. They tend to eat the most nutritious parts of fish to gain weight.

Male Kodiak Bears have a shoulder height between 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m) and a weight in the range of 600-1400 lb (272-635 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 3’4”-4’ (1.02-1.22 m) with weights from 400-700 lb (181-318 kg). The Kodiak Bear has an overall body length of roughly 6’5”-9’ (1.96-2.74 m), standing height of 9’-10’ (2.75-3.05 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild and up to 35 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Kodiak Bear
The Kodiak Bear (Ursus arctos middendorffi), also known as the Alaskan Brown bear is one of the largest brown bears. The Kodiak bear looks similar to other brown bears except it is much larger. It is native to the southwestern Alaska region, but can be found in Europe, Asia, and parts of N America.

Male Kodiak Bears have a shoulder height between 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m) and a weight in the range of 600-1400 lb (272-635 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 3’4”-4’ (1.02-1.22 m) with weights from 400-700 lb (181-318 kg). The Kodiak Bear has an overall body length of roughly 6’5”-9’ (1.96-2.74 m), standing height of 9’-10’ (2.75-3.05 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild and up to 35 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Kodiak Bear
Kodiak Bear (Ursus arctos middendorffi)
Height:
3’4”-5’ | 1.02-1.52 m
Width:
Length:
6’5”-9’ | 1.96-2.74 m
Depth:
Standing Height
9’-10’ | 2.75-3.05 m
Weight:
400-1400 lb | 181-635 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 4’-5’ | 1.22-1.52 m

Length: 8’-9’ | 2.44-2.74 m

Weight: 600-1400 lb | 272-635 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 3’4”-4’ | 1.02-1.22 m

Length: 6’5”-7’4” | 1.96-2.23 m

Weight: 400-700 lb | 181-318 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus arctos middendorffi
Lifespan
20-25 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Kodiak Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

Details & Downloads

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Short-Faced Bear (Arctodus)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Short-Faced Bear to an average human

The Short-Faced Bear (Arctodus sp.) is a genus of extinct bears that lived in North America from approximately 11,000 years earlier in the Pleistocene period. It was the earliest North American bear and the largest in California. The bear could run up to 40 miles an hour and scare off or threaten other competitors from prey. To survive, the Short-Faced Bear has been estimated to have had to eat 35 pounds of meat each day. The Short-Faced Bear would weigh 2,000 pounds, for comparison, a male grizzly weighs approximately 600 pounds.

Male Short-Faced Bears had a shoulder height between 5’-6’ (1.52-1.83 m )and a weight in the range of 1750-2200 lb (794-998 kg). The shoulder heights of females were between 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m) with weights from 650-900 lb (295-408 kg). The Short-Faced Bear had an overall body length of roughly 6’9”-9’6” (2.06-2.9 m) and an upright standing height of 8’-12’ (2.5-3.66 m).

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Short-Faced Bear
The Short-Faced Bear (Arctodus sp.) is a genus of extinct bears that lived in North America from approximately 11,000 years earlier in the Pleistocene period. It was the earliest North American bear and the largest in California. The bear could run up to 40 miles an hour and scare off competition.

Male Short-Faced Bears had a shoulder height between 5’-6’ (1.52-1.83 m )and a weight in the range of 1750-2200 lb (794-998 kg). The shoulder heights of females were between 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m) with weights from 650-900 lb (295-408 kg). The Short-Faced Bear had an overall body length of roughly 6’9”-9’6” (2.06-2.9 m) and an upright standing height of 8’-12’ (2.5-3.66 m).

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Short-Faced Bear
Short-Faced Bear (Arctodus)
Height:
4’-6’ | 1.22-1.83 m
Width:
Length:
6’9”-9’6” | 2.06-2.9 m
Depth:
Standing Height
8’-12’ | 2.5-3.66 m
Weight:
650-2200 lb | 295-998 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 5’-6’ | 1.52-1.83 m

Length: 8’6”-9’6” | 2.6-2.9 m

Weight: 1750-2200 lb | 794-998 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 4’-5’ | 1.22-1.52 m

Length: 6’9”-7’7” | 2.1-2.3 m

Weight: 650-900 lb | 295-408 kg

Scientific Name
Arctodus
Lifespan

Drawings include:

Short-Faced Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing upright)

Details & Downloads

Downloads

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